Headaches are one of the most common ailments of our time. A headache is characterized by pain in any region of the head, often extending to the neck.
Everyone gets a headache at some point in their lives, and it can be quite the mood-kill.
Headaches are of different varieties and intensities.
- Tension headaches are the most common type of headache that people get from time to time, either due to lack of sleep, stress, hot and humid weather or really noisy kids. The causes can be endless. The annoying ache in your head can extend to your eyes, neck, lower back and other muscles in the surrounding regions. More than 70 percent of the general population experiences occasional tension headaches, according to the WHO.
- Migraine headaches are characterized by moderate to severe throbbing pain on one side of the head, often accompanied by symptoms like nausea, vomiting and heightened sensitivity to bright lights, sounds and distinct smells. They are most common in people between the ages of 35 and 45, and usually begin around puberty, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
- Cluster headaches occur due to a neurological condition. Like migraines, they are characterized by pain on one side of the head and especially around the eye, although pain associated with cluster headaches is more intense and debilitating. They are recurrent in nature, disruptive of routine activities and often more severe at nighttime. Associated symptoms include nasal congestion, and watering and swelling of the eyes.
- Sinus headaches are a terrible by-product of a sinus disorder and cause a deeply concentrated pain in the nose-bridge, forehead and cheekbones.
- Hormonal headaches occur when a woman is about to begin her cycle or is already menstruating.
While headache disorders may require medical attention (especially if symptoms are extremely severe), it is possible to treat them by working a little magic at home. One natural home cure is the use of essential oils to kiss your headache goodbye.
People often look for a quick fix for their headaches and resort to painkillers. However, painkillers come with a host of side effects and are best avoided for the sake of your long-term health.
Essential oils are an all-natural treatment that not only protect you from nasty side effects, but treat your headache, along with soothing and relaxing your overall body.
An overall healthy body is in a better position to resist falling prey to stress and other social and psychological factors, thereby preventing future headaches altogether.
Here are the best essential oils to use to get relief from a headache.
1. Lavender Essential Oil
Lavender possesses terrific stress relieving, analgesic (pain relieving) and therapeutic properties, according to a 2013 study published in Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
It also manages the level of serotonin, a pain-regulating neurotransmitter, to keep it at healthy levels, the study further notes. People who suffer from migraines and other types of headaches usually have a low serotonin level.
This essential oil is especially effective in treating headaches associated with neurological disorders, such as depression and anxiety or stress disorders. Lavender has been identified as a potent relaxing and sedative agent in such disorders.
Aromatherapy using lavender essential oil is also highly effective in treating migraines, according to a 2012 study published in European Neurology.
In the study, 47 migraine patients were divided into two groups. One group was instructed to sniff lavender essential oil for 15 minutes, while the other group was asked to sniff paraffin (liquid wax) for the same amount of time.
The patients were instructed to write down the effect of the treatment every 30 minutes for a total of 2 hours. After 2 hours, the first group reported a 74 percent improvement in their pain, and reported fewer headache incidences than the paraffin group.
Note: Lavender may prove effective for some people, while not for others. Furthermore, you are best advised to use lavender as soon as your migraine hits, instead of waiting for it to worsen.
Anecdotal evidence shows that lavender essential oil is more effective in the initial stages of pain rather than the later stages, forcing you to resort to medication.
2. Peppermint Essential Oil
Peppermint oil is one of those refreshing aromatic oils that smells like a crisp summer breeze and reminds you of fresh lemonade, popsicles and cool beach waves. Just a whiff of peppermint essential oil can invigorate the senses and calm your nerves.
When topically applied, it triggers a tingling, cool sensation on the skin, further relaxing your muscles and nerves, promoting blood circulation and relieving any pain that may have been caused by nerve contraction due to heat.
Peppermint oil, when applied on the temples and forehead, reduces pain sensitivity and relaxes the muscles, according to a 2005 study published in Functional Neurology.
It has a similar effect when applied on the neck and helps relieve muscle tension caused by a headache that may have extended downward.
A peppermint oil and ethanol preparation, as well as a peppermint oil and acetaminophen preparation, was significantly effective in reducing pain intensity in patients with tension-type headaches, according to a 2007 study published in American Family Physician.
3. Eucalyptus Essential Oil
Eucalyptus essential oil is more commonly known for its antibacterial properties and its effectiveness in relieving symptoms of respiratory illnesses, particularly chest, lung and nasal congestion.
Thus, it is a popular treatment for colds and bronchitis. It can especially relieve sinus headaches caused by inflammation of the sinuses.
However, it is also an extremely effective analgesic, or pain-relieving agent. It is especially effective in relieving muscle stress and inducing mental relaxation.
Although recent studies directly linking the pain-relieving properties of eucalyptus essential oils to headaches are lacking, studies that show the general pain-relieving effects of eucalyptus oil abound.
According to a 2013 study published in Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, inhaling eucalyptus oil has a pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effect.
The leaves of the eucalyptus plant have been found to exhibit potent anti-inflammatory activity, according to a 2009 study published in the Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry.
This sheds further light on the potential effectiveness of eucalyptus essential oil in reducing headaches caused by an inflammatory response, such as a sinus headache.
4. Feverfew Essential Oil
Although lesser known than the other essential oils in this list, feverfew essential oil is fast emerging as a treatment for headaches in all of its forms.
It is derived from tanacetum parthenium, a shrub with white and yellow flowers resembling daisies. It is currently being studied around the world for its efficacy in treating migraines, with mixed results.
It has been widely propagated that feverfew is an effective remedy for migraine headaches, in particular. However, feverfew is also an effective treatment for cluster headaches, hormonal headaches (premenstrual and menstrual) and other varieties of headaches, according to a 2011 study published in Pharmacognosy Review.
Some other studies, however, remain inconclusive and find that feverfew does not surpass any other placebo medication in treating headaches.
In a 2006 study published in Clinical Drug Investigation, a combination of feverfew and white willow (S. Alba) was able to reduce the frequency of migraines, as well as the intensity of pain, in patients who took it twice daily for 12 months. The study also noted that feverfew is probably stronger in combination with white willow than it is by itself.
The debate continues to rage, but if anecdotal evidence is anything to go by, one thing is certain: Feverfew works like a charm in curing some people of their migraines, while it is not as effective for others.
Guess you will just have to find out for yourself!
5. Rosemary Essential Oil
This is one of those essential oils that presents plenty of anecdotal evidence for its analgesic and relaxing properties, but not enough scientific evidence.
Rosemary essential oil is popular for relieving muscle stress and pain. It is also well known for promoting blood circulation.
While its efficacy in decreasing pain in headaches and migraines has not been studied widely, or even individually, there is some evidence to show it is an effective combination oil in aromatherapy for headaches.
Rosemary has been traditionally used as medicine to treat headaches owing to its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, according to a 2013 study published in Food Chemistry.
A combination of rosemary, basil, lavender and rose essential oils significantly reduced headaches and anxiety in subjects, according to a 2010 study published in the Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science.