If you are sneezing, wheezing, coughing and running a high fever, then it is quite likely that you have come down with pneumonia.
Pneumonia is a respiratory condition that is characterized by the inflammation in lungs due to bacterial, viral or fungal infection. This infection is contagious and can be critical to the point of being life threatening at times.
Considering that pneumonia is the inflammatory disorder of the lungs which is caused due to the infection of the airways, you cannot use home remedies to treat it. Home remedies, though, when coupled with the doctor-approved treatment plan, can be quite effective in managing the symptoms of pneumonia.
Causes of Pneumonia
Often, pneumonia is a mild condition which clears up within two to three weeks. However, at times, it can become quite serious and may even prove fatal.
Pneumonia is caused by microbes or infectious agents such as bacteria, virus and fungi. It is usually acquired from someone else or because of the infection lingering in the air.
Though your immune system is typically effective at fighting these infections, sometimes they can overcome your body’s natural defense mechanisms.
Pneumonia is especially dangerous for infants, young children, adults age 65 or older and individuals with a weakened immune system or underlying health issues. If you are already suffering from flu, cold or conditions like asthma or diabetes, then you are at a higher risk of contracting pneumonia.
Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia
The most common symptoms of pneumonia include cough, fever, shaking, chills, and shortness of breath. Additional symptoms that can also be present include headache, loss of appetite, fatigue, sweating, nausea and vomiting, muscle pain, and chest pain when breathing deeply or coughing. Older adults with pneumonia may experience confusion or delirium.
You can protect yourself and those around you from getting pneumonia by incorporating the following in your lifestyle-
- Always cover your nose and mouth while sneezing, to prevent spreading the infection.
- Wash your hands regularly, especially before and after the meals to avoid respiratory infections that at times lead to pneumonia.
- Indulge in a healthy diet and get enough sleep to keep your immune system strong.
- Regular exercise is also a contributing factor to a strong immune system.
- Get a flu-shot when it becomes available; this will help reduce the risk of contracting the flu which can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of pneumonia.
- Pneumonia vaccines are effective against certain, but common, types of pneumonia; these vaccines are indicated for children under 2 years and adults 65 and older. They are also recommended for all age groups if the individual is at increased risk because of other conditions that increase the risk of contracting pneumonia or becoming too sick after contracting pneumonia.
When to See a Doctor
If you notice the initial symptoms of pneumonia, then you need to consult your doctor immediately for diagnosis and treatment.
Stick to the treatment plan and course of medicines prescribed by the doctor for a healthy recovery. And in case, you do not notice any improvement in your condition after 3-4 days of your treatment, then consult the doctor again.
It is important to see a doctor if you are having difficulty breathing, chest pain, persistent fever (102 degrees Fahrenheit or higher) or persistent cough.
The proper treatment for this condition depends on the type of pneumonia you have and the severity of symptoms. Severe cases may require hospitalization.
Below are some home remedies that you can use as complementary therapies that can be followed with your doctor’s treatment plan for easing the symptoms and for a healthier recovery.
Alternative Cures and Remedies for Pneumonia
Here are some remedies to ease the symptoms of pneumonia
Garlic has unique chemical compounds that possess the ability to fight off bacteria, viruses and fungi. It also helps bring down the body temperature and increases expectoration to clear phlegm out of the chest and lungs.
- Mix 1 cup of milk in 4 cups of water and add ½ teaspoon of crushed garlic to it. Boil the solution until it is reduced to its one-fourth. Drink it 3 times a day.
- Another way to use garlic is to marinate crushed garlic cloves in a mixture of equal amounts of fresh lemon juice and honey. Take 2 to 3 teaspoons of this, 3 or 4 times a day.
- You can also rub a little garlic paste or garlic juice on your chest.
Peppermint can be used for management of a variety of conditions. It has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral ability. It can be used to reduce mucus production. Menthol, which is found in peppermint, can improve breathing effort.
- Using a tea strainer, steep peppermint leaves in 250 ml of hot water for 10-15 minutes.
- Once the mixture has cooled slightly, add 1 tablespoon of raw honey.
- Drink this peppermint tea a few times a day.
3. Fenugreek Seeds
- Make fenugreek tea by adding 1 teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in 500 ml or about 2 cups of boiling water. Strain and drink 4 cups of fenugreek tea per day. To improve its taste, you can add a little lemon juice. Reduce the amount you drink as your symptoms improve.
- Prepare an herbal tea by steeping 1 teaspoon of fenugreek seeds, 1 teaspoon of ginger, 1 crushed garlic clove, and a pinch of cayenne pepper in 1 cup of hot water for about 5 minutes. Strain it and squeeze the juice from ½ lemon into it. You can also add a little honey. Drink this tea a few times throughout the day.
4. Eucalyptus Oil
Eucalyptus oil helps to reduce mucus production in the respiratory tract and alleviates cough. In addition, it has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that can combat infection.
- Apply 2 to 3 drops of eucalyptus oil to the chest or back
- You can also add a few drops of the oil to your diffuser.
Like fenugreek, turmeric (curcumin) works as a mucolytic to expel mucus from the body, particularly from the respiratory tract. Plus, it has antiviral and antibacterial properties that assist in fighting infection.
- Mix turmeric powder in warm mustard oil to make a paste. Rub it on your chest.
- Drink a glass of warm milk mixed with 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder, 2 or 3 times a day.
- Another option is to mix ½ teaspoon of turmeric and ¼ teaspoon of black pepper powder in a glass of warm water. Drink it once a day.
6. Holy Basil and Black Pepper
Holy basil or tulsi is an Ayurvedic herb with antimicrobial activity. Black pepper (piperine) is used to enhance the medicinal benefits found in turmeric. Both these ingredients are beneficial for your lungs and useful in the natural treatment of pneumonia.
- Extract the juice from 5 basil leaves.
- Mix in a pinch of freshly ground black pepper.
- Consume it every 6 hours.
7. Turpentine Oil
This oil helps relieve pain and congestion associated with pneumonia.
- Rub a small amount of turpentine oil over your rib cage. You can also mix camphor in it and then massage.
- Cover the area with a warm cotton or wool cloth.
8. Oil of Oregano
- Add 2 or 3 drops of oregano oil to a glass of water or fresh juice. Drink it 3 times daily.
- Put 1 or 2 drops of this essential oil on a tissue or cotton ball and place it beside your pillow before going to sleep so you can inhale it throughout the night.
Apart from these remedies, make sure you take the entire course of the medications prescribed by your doctor even if you start to feel better.
Not taking medication as prescribed can lead to return of pneumonia and worsen your condition. Additionally, get plenty of rest and drink lots of fluids, especially water and vegetable juices that help to boost your immunity.
Consult your doctor before taking any cough or cold medicine. Coughing can actually be helpful because it helps your body get rid of mucus.
Expert Answers (Q&A)
Answered by Dr. Laren Tan, MD (Pulmonologist)
How long does it take to recover from pneumonia?
Typically symptoms improve within 72 hours, although residual symptoms like a productive cough can linger for weeks. Patients who have chronic respiratory diseases can take longer to completely recover and may be more symptomatic when compared to healthy individuals.
What can be the side-effects of an untreated case of pneumonia?
The majority of untreated pneumonia cases resolve on their own, whereas it becomes problematic when it continues to progress. A persistent fever, cough, chills and worsening breathlessness are typical signs, that an infection is still present, if not properly treated it could result in the body experiencing a systemic inflammatory response that could lead to being hospitalized.
How can you tell the difference between pneumonia and flu?
The signs and symptoms between the flu and pneumonia can be similar. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention have described pneumonia as a complication of the flu that can progress to become life-threatening and even death in worst conditions.
Can someone suffer pneumonia without high fever?
There are instances where patients have pneumonia without high fever, that is why it is important to not base having pneumonia on just one symptom. Patients whose immune system is suppressed can react differently to infections and one of them is the body not being able to produce a high temperature.
Please share some important tips to remember while suffering from pneumonia.
Avoid breathing things that are hazardous to your lungs (i.e. tobacco smoke). Getting adequate rest and staying hydrated is extremely beneficial when recovering from a respiratory infection. If your symptoms worsen, definitely seek medical help.
For patients who have chronic respiratory diseases, it’s important that you seek medical attention sooner rather than later, especially when your symptoms have not improved.
About Dr. Laren Tan, MD: Dr. Tan is a medical doctor who practices at Loma Linda University Health, CA. He is an expert in the fields of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine. Dr. Tan has authored numerous journal articles in the field of obstructive airway diseases, critical care and medical innovation.
- Pneumonia. American Lung Association. http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/pneumonia.
- Jakobsen TH, Gennip Mvan, Phipps RK, et al. Ajoene, a Sulfur-Rich Molecule from Garlic, Inhibits Genes Controlled by Quorum Sensing. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. https://aac.asm.org/content/56/5/2314. Published May 1, 2012.
- Dawit D, Hirut L, Kelbessa U, et al. Investigation on the antibacterial properties of garlic, Rearchgate.net. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/10887194. Published August 2002. Accessed September 8, 2018.
- Singh R, Shushni MAM, Belkheir A. Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of Mentha piperita L. Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878535211000232. Published January 22, 2011.
- Meamarbashi A. Instant effects of peppermint essential oil on the physiological parameters and exercise performance. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4103722. Published 2014.
- Balakrishnan A. Therapeutic uses of peppermint –A review – researchgate.net. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282177469_Therapeutic_uses_of_peppermint_-A_review. Published July 2015.
- Sujana P, Sridhar TM, Josthna P, Naidu CV. Antibacterial Activity and Phytochemical Analysis of Mentha piperita L. (Peppermint)-An Important Multipurpose Medicinal Plant. Scientific Research Publishing. http://file.scirp.org/Html/12-2600529_27633.htm. Published January 30, 2013.
- Moradi, Nasroallah, Bagher M, Pour S, Reza H. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) as a Valuable Medicinal Plant. International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research. http://www.ijabbr.com/article_7851.html. Published August 1, 2013.
- Cermelli C, Fabio A, Fabio G, Quaglio P. Effect of Eucalyptus Essential Oil on Respiratory Bacteria and Viruses. SpringerLink. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00284-007-9045-0. Published October 31, 2007.
- Moghadamtousi Z, Soheil, Kadir A, et al. A Review on Antibacterial, Antiviral, and Antifungal Activity of Curcumin. International Scholarly Research Notices. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/186864. Published April 29, 2014.
- G S, S K. Comparative Characterization for Antimicrobial Activity and Bioactive Compounds Present in Leaf Extract of Ocimum sanctum. OMICS International. https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/comparative-characterization-for-antimicrobial-activity-and-bioactive-compounds-present-in-leaf-extract-of-ocimum-sanctum-2572-4134-1000121-98767. Published May 30, 2017.
- Shoba G, Joy D, Joseph T, Majeed M, Rajendran R, Srinivas PS. Influence of piperine on the pharmacokinetics of curcumin in animals and human volunteers. Planta Medica. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9619120. Published May 1998.
- Mercier B, Prost J, Prost M. The essential oil of turpentine and its major volatile … https://www.researchgate.net/publication/41669083_The_essential_oil_of_turpentine_and_its_major_volatile_fraction_a-_and_b-pinenes_A_review. Published January 2009.
- Kordali, AU B. Antimicrobial Effect of Plant Oils against Some Bacterias Izolated from Patients Samples. OMICS International. https://www.omicsonline.org/peer-reviewed/pantimicrobial-effect-of-plant-oils-against-some-bacterias-izolated-from-patients-samplesp-97868.html. Published January 16, 2018.