Many people have occasional episodes of brief discomfort while urinating, but when you experience pain during urination, you may be suffering from a condition known as dysuria.
Dysuria is the feeling of pain, burning or discomfort experienced during urination in the tube that carries urine out of your bladder (urethra) or the area surrounding your genitals (perineum). In some cases, your body may also feel overheated.
Dysuria is a not a disease in itself, just a symptom of other diseases. It is very common among both men and women, ages 18 to 50. Women are more prone to it than men.
The most common cause of painful urination in women is a urinary tract infection due to bacteria. In men, urethritis and certain prostate conditions can cause this problem.
Other common conditions that may cause painful urination are kidney stones, chlamydia, cystitis (bladder infection), genital herpes, kidney infection, prostatitis (prostate inflammation), sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), vaginal infections and yeast infections (vaginal). Poor hygiene and dehydration may also cause this problem.
Proper diagnosis will help determine the cause and any necessary treatment. At the same time, certain home remedies can help prevent and treat the pain and burning associated with dysuria.
Here are the top 9 home remedies for dysuria.
1. Increase Water Intake
Keep up your water intake to help cure painful urination. Water will help fix the problem by flushing infection-causing bacteria as well as toxins out of your body.
Moreover, it will prevent dehydration, which can worsen your condition. Water will also bring any excess heat in the body to a normal level and promote frequent urination.
Drink plenty of water throughout the day. You can also eat water-based fruits and vegetables. Soups, smoothies, juices and broths will also help keep your body hydrated.
2. Warm Compresses
You can also soothe the pain with warm compresses. The heat will help minimize bladder pressure and reduce pain.
- Apply a warm compress on your lower abdomen for 5 minutes. Wait for some time and then reapply.
- You can also use a heating pad to get relief from the pain.
3. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar has antibacterial and antifungal properties that help combat the infection causing painful urination. Moreover, it is a rich source of enzymes, potassium and other useful minerals and helps restore the body’s natural pH balance.
- Add 1 tablespoon of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar and 1 teaspoon of raw honey to a glass of warm water. Drink it twice daily.
- Also, you can add 1 to 2 cups of apple cider vinegar to your bathwater. Soak in it for 15 to 20 minutes. Do this once daily until your condition improves.
4. Plain Yogurt
Plain, unsweetened yogurt with active cultures is also helpful. The active cultures help keep bad bacteria at bay and promote the growth of healthy bacteria.
It aids in fighting off any infection that can cause the condition and helps maintain a healthy vaginal pH balance.
- Eat 2 to 3 cups of plain yogurt daily. You can even try yogurt smoothies.
- You can also dip a tampon in yogurt and insert it in the vagina for 2 hours. Do this twice daily until you get relief.
Lemon also works well to reduce certain symptoms relating to painful urination. Lemon juice, although acidic, has an alkalizing effect on the body. In addition, its citric acid and strong antibacterial and antiviral properties help prevent this problem.
- Squeeze the juice of 1 lemon into a glass of lukewarm water.
- Add 1 teaspoon of raw honey and mix well.
- Drink it on an empty stomach in the morning on a regular basis.
The antibacterial and antiviral properties of ginger can help combat infection, which may be causing painful urination.
- Mix together 1 tablespoon each of ginger paste and raw honey. Take this paste once daily.
- Alternatively, add 1 tablespoon of ginger juice to a glass of lukewarm milk or water and drink it once daily.
- Another option is to drink 1 to 2 cups of ginger tea daily.
Cucumbers are an age-old remedy for dysuria due to their diuretic nature. They contain about 95 percent water, so they help keep your body hydrated and free from harmful toxins. In addition, their cooling property helps normalize body temperature.
- Prepare 1 cup of cucumber juice and add 1 tablespoon each of raw honey and lemon juice. Mix well and drink it twice daily.
- Also, eat 2 to 3 cucumbers daily.
8. Coriander Seeds
Coriander seeds also help ease dysuria. The antibacterial properties of these seeds help protect the urinary tract from infections.
It also cleanses the excretory system of harmful toxins and aids in normal urination. In addition, it helps control excessive body heat that can worsen the condition.
- Boil 2 teaspoons of coriander seeds in 1 cup of water for a few minutes. Allow it to cool, strain and drink it 2 times a day.
- Alternatively, add 1 tablespoon of coriander seed powder to 3 cups of water. Cover and leave it overnight. The next day, add a little jaggery and stir the solution. Drink 1 cup, 3 times a day.
Follow either of these remedies until the pain is gone.
9. Fenugreek Seeds
According to Ayurveda, another effective remedy for dysuria is fenugreek seeds. As they help improve the pH level in the vagina, these seeds help prevent any kind of infection. They also prevent the accumulation of toxins in the body.
- Add ½ teaspoon of powdered fenugreek seeds to a glass of buttermilk. Drink it twice daily.
- Alternatively, mix 1 teaspoon of fenugreek seeds powder with 1 tablespoon of raw honey and have it 2 or 3 times a day.
- Another option is to soak 1 teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in water overnight. The next morning, strain the water and add ½ teaspoon of raw honey. Drink it on an empty stomach.
Try any of these remedies daily until the pain and discomfort are gone.
- Drink a glass of coconut water twice daily, until you get complete relief.
- Try some simple relaxation techniques to keep yourself relaxed. Tension and stress will only aggravate the condition.
- Women should keep the genital area clean and dry, and change tampons and sanitary napkins frequently.
- Women should wipe from front to back after having a bowel movement.
- Avoid staying in wet clothes or swimsuits for long durations.
- Avoid using irritating soaps, vaginal sprays and douches.
- Wear cotton underwear and avoid wearing tight jeans and trousers.
- Practice safe sex and wash before and after intercourse. Urinate immediately after intercourse to flush bacteria from the bladder and urethra.
- Avoid foods such as caffeine, spicy foods, carbonated drinks and artificial sweeteners as they can worsen your condition.
- Eat foods high in vitamin C or take vitamin C supplements after consulting a doctor.
- Use the washroom as needed and do not hold your urine for a long time.
- Avoid excessive alcohol and smoking.
Expert Answers (Q&A)
Answered by Dr. Daniel C. Edwards, DO (Urologist)
What are the most common causes of dysuria?
Dysuria, the feeling of burning or discomfort while urinating, can be due to issues originating in the bladder or urethra. The causes can be neurological, inflammatory, obstructive or even cancerous.
The most common cause of dysuria in females is a urinary tract infection, while the most common cause in males is obstruction by an enlarged prostate.
Dysuria may also be caused by a bladder that squeezes too hard or too frequently, by non-infectious inflammatory conditions, sexually-transmitted diseases, stones in the bladder, scar tissue in the urethra, or in some cases, cancer.
Is dysuria an STD?
Dysuria is a symptom, not a diagnosis or disease. Dysuria may be a symptom of an STD, and therefore must be evaluated by a physician.
What dietary changes should be made to ease dysuria?
Dietary changes alone will only address dysuria in some scenarios. It is important that patients with dysuria be evaluated by at least their primary care physician or by a urologist.
How long does it usually take for dysuria to go away?
It is dependent upon the cause. It could be transient or a chronic issue.
Can taking baking soda mixed in water help ease dysuria?
Please share some important care tips when dealing with dysuria for the benefit of our readers.
The most important thing to understand is that the most common causes of dysuria are benign and can be addressed by a primary care physician and/or a urologist. However, it is imperative that patients with dysuria be evaluated by a medical professional to rule out potentially devastating conditions, such as bladder cancer.
About Dr. Daniel C. Edwards, DO: Dr. Edwards is a urologist and practices in Southeastern Pennsylvania with a special interest in cancerous conditions that affect the kidneys, bladder, prostate, and genitalia.