Trigger finger, medically known as stenosing tenosynovitis, is a condition in which a finger or thumb gets stuck in a bent position. It may straighten on its own with a sudden snap, or you may have to force it. It gets its name because straightening the finger causes a popping sensation that feels like pulling a trigger.
Trigger finger occurs due to inflammation that narrows the sheath surrounding the tendon in the finger. This prevents the tendon from gliding smoothly through the sheath as you move your finger.
Some of the early symptoms include a lingering soreness and lump in the base of the finger near the palm, a clicking or snapping noise with movement, and stiffness in the affected finger.
This condition most commonly affects the thumb or the middle or ring fingers. It is more common in women and individuals with diabetes or arthritis. Also, people whose work requires repetitive gripping actions are at higher risk of developing trigger finger.
This condition can be uncomfortable and even painful. It limits the movement of the affected finger and can make it impossible to straighten it.
However, you can reduce the discomforts and treat the problem using natural methods.
Here are the top 10 ways to deal with trigger finger.
1. Rest the Finger
One of the best ways to deal with trigger finger is to rest the affected finger for at least three to four weeks.
Proper rest is a key component for healing the tendon. It will also reduce soreness and inflammation as well as speed up the healing time.
On the other hand, if you put pressure on the affected finger, you can exacerbate the inflammation and pain.
Rest the trigger finger as much as possible and avoid activities that require repetitive gripping, repeated grasping or the prolonged use of vibrating hand-held machinery.
2. Use a Splint
You must also keep the affected finger splinted as much as possible until the pain and inflammation subsides. A splint will keep the affected finger in an extended position and prevent movement while it heals.
It also helps rest the tendon and prevents you from curling the affected finger into a fist while sleeping.
A 2008 study published in Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine found that splinting is very effective at reducing the severity and duration of trigger finger symptoms.
Wear a splint for about six to seven weeks. However, make sure that the splint is not too tight, as that would inhibit blood circulation and lead to numbness or tingling sensations.
3. Apply a Cold Compress
You may also notice improvement in your condition by using a cold compress several times a day.
A cold compress offers a numbing effect on the nerve endings, which in turn aids in reducing pain and swelling.
- Put a few ice cubes in a thin towel and tie it securely.
- Apply this ice pack to the affected finger for 10 minutes.
- Take a break of 5 minutes and repeat 2 or 3 more times.
- Use this simple remedy a few times a day, as needed.
If you do not have ice, you can use a bag of frozen vegetables or a cold spoon.
Note: Do not apply ice directly on the skin, which can lead to frostbite.
4. Soak it in Warm Water
While a cold compress is effective, soaking the affected finger in warm water also can play a part in the healing process by relaxing the tendons and muscles.
A warm water soak also increases blood flow, helps reduce pain and allows you to move the finger more easily.
- Fill a bowl with some warm water.
- Optionally, add 1 tablespoon of Epsom salt to it.
- Soak the affected finger in it for 5 minutes.
- Do it 4 or 5 times throughout the day.
Note: Always test the temperature of the water to avoid burning your skin.
5. Do Stretching Exercises
Gentle exercises will help maintain mobility in your finger and also aid the healing process, so it gets back to optimal functioning as quickly as possible.
- Spread your fingers wide apart, then draw them together in a fist. Repeat 10 to 15 times. Do this exercise as many times as you can throughout the day.
- Hold a tennis ball or squeeze ball in the palm of your hand. Squeeze it for 10 seconds, then release. Do this exercise for 10 minutes. Repeat 5 to 10 times a day.
- Wrap a rubber band around your thumb and fingers, then try to open and close your hand against this resistance for 5 to 10 minutes. Do it several times a day.
6. Massage the Finger
Massaging the affected finger regularly is another good way to treat trigger finger. A gentle massage will help increase circulation, relax the muscles, and reduce swelling and stiffness.
- Warm some olive, sesame or coconut oil in the microwave.
- Dab the warm oil on the affected finger.
- Use the fingers of your other hand to gently massage for 5 minutes.
- Repeat 2 or 3 times daily.
Massage should always be done gently, as added stress could aggravate the condition. You can also get help from a professional massage therapist, if needed.