NOTE: Keep in mind that even a minor head bump can cause bleeding in or around the brain, which can be serious and require immediate medical care.
Swelling on the head from a sudden injury, casually known as a ‘goose egg’, is a very common problem –particularly in children but also in adults.
A goose egg is a soft swelling on the forehead that occurs following an injury, due to the collection of fluids oozing out of damaged blood vessels.
Apart from the swelling, other common symptoms include mild to moderate pain and the site of the injury can be tender. There can also be bruising along with discoloration of the skin tissue.
Typically, these bumps or goose eggs are harmless and usually go away within a few days.
However, it is cause for concern if the swelling is accompanied by symptoms like drowsiness, nausea or sleepiness. Immediately see a doctor to rule out any damage to the brain. A detailed CT scan or an MRI can help your doctor evaluate the condition.
For mild cases, there are many home remedies that can help reduce the swelling as well as pain due to a bump on the head.
Here are the top 10 home remedies for swelling on the head due to an injury.
1. Cold Compress
As soon as you notice a goose egg on your head, apply an ice pack directly on the area of impact. The cold temperature will promote vasoconstriction, or the tightening of your blood vessels, which in turn will limit swelling. A cold compress will also help ease pain.
Cold compresses should be applied for the first 24 to 48 hours.
- Wrap some ice cubes in a towel.
- Apply this ice pack on the affected area for 20 minutes.
- Take a 5-minute break and apply another icepack.
- Repeat as needed.
You can also use a bag of frozen peas to make a nice ice pack.
Note: Do not apply ice directly on the skin, as it may cause frostbite.
2. Warm Compress
After 24 hours have passed, you can apply a warm compress on the affected area.
A warm compress will increase blood flow to the area, which will promote healing by opening up the blood vessels to allow oxygenated blood and nutrients to reach the damaged tissues.
- Soak a washcloth in warm water and wring out the excess water.
- Apply it over the swollen area for 10 minutes.
- Repeat after 1 hour.
- Do this a few times a day.
3. Elevate the Head
Keeping the swollen part elevated helps prevent further swelling by improving circulation. In fact, poor circulation can delay the healing process.
By keeping the head elevated above chest level, the swelling will reduce to a great extent.
- Use 1 or 2 pillows under the head while resting or sleeping.
- Also, for children with a bump on the head, read them stories or sing songs to help keep them calm and resting. Remind them that they only need extra rest for a few days and soon they can go out and play.
Due to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, arnica is an effective herb for treating a goose egg.
It promotes reabsorption of the fluids back into the blood vessels, which in turn reduces pain and swelling. Also, it improves blood circulation to support quick recovery.
- Mix 5 or 6 drops of arnica essential oil in 2 tablespoons of olive oil. Apply it on the affected area a few times daily.
- Alternatively, apply an arnica balm or ointment on the affected area a few times daily.
Note: Do not use this herb on broken skin.
5. Black Tea Bags
Black tea contains compounds known as tannins, which have excellent astringent qualities. So, black tea bags can help a lot to reduce swelling on the head after an injury.
- Soak a black tea bag in warm water for about 10 minutes.
- Remove it from the water and allow it to cool.
- Gently apply it over the swollen areafor 10 minutes.
- Repeat several times a day for quick results.
6. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is another good home remedy to reduce swelling on the head due to some kind of injury. It has anti-inflammatory as well as alkalizing properties that can help reduce pain and inflammation.
- Mix equal parts of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar and water.
- Warm up the solution in the microwave.
- Soak a towel in it, then wrap the moist towel around the affected area.
- Let it sit for 5 to 10 minutes.
- Repeat 2 or 3 times daily.