Sore throat is an inflammation of the pharynx, which is the tube that extends from the back of the mouth to the esophagus. Some of the major causes of sore throat are viral infection, bacterial infection, fungal infection, pollution, smoking, acid reflux, dry air, excessive shouting, some kind of allergic reaction and so on. Symptoms of sore throat are much like those of a viral infection and is often accompanied by headache, stomachache, common cold and swollen glands in the neck.
Sore throats, while very common, can be painful and uncomfortable. Also as it can be a symptom of a serious illness, it is important to get it treated as early as possible. Instead of making an appointment with a doctor, you can try some easy, natural remedies that will help to alleviate the pain and give you relief.
Here are top 10 home remedies for Sore Throat.
1. Salt Water
One of the best ways to get relief from sore throat is to gargle with salt water. Salt works like an antiseptic and helps to draw water out of mucous membranes in the throat. This cuts phlegm and reduces inflammation and gives you instant relief. Take half teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water and then use this water to gargle. Do not swallow the water as you need to spit the water out after gargling. If you do not like the salty taste, add a small amount of honey to the solution. You must gargle with saltwater at least four times a day to improve the condition of your throat.
Honey is also one of the easily available ingredients that can be used to treat sore throat. Honey has antibacterial properties, which can fasten up the healing process. At the same time honey works like a hypertonic osmotic, this means that it helps to draw water out of inflamed tissue and thus reducing the swelling and inflammation. Add one to two tablespoon of honey to one cup of hot water and drink it several times a day. You can also add honey to your favorite cup of herbal tea. Before going to bed eat one teaspoon of honey as it will give you soothing relief and help you to enjoy sound sleep.
You can also use fresh lemons to get relief from sore throat. Take half a piece of lemon and sprinkle salt and pepper over it and slowly lick the lemon. Another option is to gargle with freshly pressed lemon juice diluted with equal amount of warm water. At the same time you can try hot lemonade with honey to get relief from the pain. To make the lemonade, add the juice of half a lemon and one tablespoon of honey to one cup of warm water and sip it slowly to get instant relief from the pain.
Garlic has antibacterial and antiseptic properties along with other medicinal properties which can help to treat or prevent sore throats. Take a fresh garlic clove, cut it into half and then suck the pieces. Occasionally, crush the garlic piece with your teeth to release the chemical known as allicin that help to kill the bacteria that causes sore throat. Alternatively you can use garlic oil. Add a few drops of garlic oil to one-fourth cup of water and use it to gargle once daily. Also try to eat garlic in raw and cooked form. If you do not like garlic taste, you can take garlic pills.
One more ingredient that can be used to treat sore throat, caused by common cold is cinnamon. Take one small piece of cinnamon stick, one pinch of pepper and boil it in two cups of water for a few minutes. Drain the water and add a teaspoon of honey to it. Now drink this water while it is still warm to get instant relief from sore throat. Follow this remedy once daily, for a week to get complete relief. Another option is to add a few drops of cinnamon oil to one teaspoon of pure honey and mix it properly. Consume this two times a day to get relief from the pain and inflammation associated with sore throat.
6. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar can also be used in the treatment of sore throat due to its antibacterial properties. Add two tablespoon of apple cider vinegar to half a cup of warm water and drink it slowly. Soon you will get relief from the pain and inflammation. You can also make a gargle solution with apple cider vinegar. For this you will need one teaspoon salt and half cup of apple cider vinegar. Mix both the ingredients in one cup of warm water and use it to gargle several times a day.